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View Full Version : The founding Of Rome [Myth Of The Week]



Fiamma
June 9th, 2007, 11:49 PM
Sliding in just under the wire here, the myth of the week is the story of the founding of the city of Rome:

From Wikipedia:


Romulus (c. 771 BC[1]c. 717 BC) and Remus (c. 771 BCc. 753 BC) are the traditional founders of Rome, appearing in Roman mythology as the twin sons of the priestess Rhea Silvia, fathered by the god of war Mars. According to the tradition recorded as history by Plutarch and Livy, Romulus served as the first King of Rome.

Romulus slew Remus over a dispute about which one of the two brothers had the support of the local gods to rule the new city and give it his name. After founding Rome, Romulus not only created the Roman Legions and the Roman Senate, but also added citizens to his new city by abducting the women of the neighboring Sabine tribes, which resulted in the mixture of the Sabines and Romans into one people. Romulus would become ancient Rome's greatest conqueror, adding large amounts of territory and people to the dominion of Rome.

After his death, Romulus was defined as the god, Quirinus, the divine persona of the Roman people. He is now regarded as a mythological figure, and his name a back-formation from the name Rome, which may ultimately derive from a word for "river". Some scholars, notably Andrea Carandini believe in the historicity of Romulus, in part because of the 1988 discovery of the Murus Romuli on the north slope of the Palatine Hill in Rome.[3]

Romulus and Remus are among the most famous feral children in mythology and fiction.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romulus_and_Remus
http://www.iol.ie/~coolmine/typ/romans/romans9.html
http://www.unrv.com/culture/romulus-and-remus.php
http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/grecoromanmyth1/a/mythslegends_3.htm
http://www.pantheon.org/articles/r/romulus.html
http://www.pantheon.org/articles/r/remus.html
http://www.pantheon.org/articles/q/quirinus.html

This is somewhat amusing: an elementary school student's take on the myth, completely with crayon illustrations:

http://museums.ncl.ac.uk/Reticulum/NORTHERNFRONTIER/WeCameWeSawWeConq/WhereDidTheyComeFrom/Story.htm

Theres
September 7th, 2007, 02:01 AM
there is also the story from 'The Aeneid' where Aeneas founds Rome after fleeing Troy.

Meadhbh
September 7th, 2007, 04:07 AM
Then there are versions that blend the two of them together like the one I've heard: In Alba Longa, Numitor was their thirteenth king after Ascanius, the son of the hero Aeneas. Numitor was the father of Rhea Silvia. Amulius, Numitor's brother, plotted to have him remove. Amulius deposed Numitor and imprisoned his brother. To ensure that he had no rival to the crown, Amulius had Rhea Silvia sent to the temple of Vesta. Amulius hoped that Rhea Silvia never marry nor have a child. However, Mars seduced her and she became pregnant. She gave birth to twins. Upon leaning of the news of her sons, Amulius would have killed the helpless infants. Upon the advice of his priest Camers, Amulius had the twin infants placed in a basket; they were thrown into the Tiber, in the hope the infants would drown. It was normal practice that a Virgin who broke her vows and was seduced, to bury the unfortunate girl alive. Rhea Silvia suffered from this fate, after her sons were born. Others say that drowned herself in the Tiber. Once again, fate had thwarted Amulius' plan. The basket was guided safely by Providentia to the riverbank, where the present-day Rome was situated. The two infants were suckled by a she-wolf, possibly sent by Mars, until a shepherd, named Faustulus rescued them.