View Full Version : Erebos - Ἔρεβος [God Of The Week]

November 17th, 2007, 03:11 PM
From http://www.theoi.com/Protogenos/Erebos.html :

EREBOS (or Erebus) was the Protogenos (primeval god) of darkness, consort of Nyx (Night), whose dark mists enveloped the edges of the world, and filled the deep hollows of the earth. His wife Nyx drew these mists across the heavens to bring night to the world, while his daughter Hemera scattered them bringing day : one blocking out the light of Aither (shining, blue heaven) and the other revealing it. The bright upper air (aither) was regarded as the source of day in the ancient cosmogonies rather than the sun.

The name Erebos was also used for the dismal, netherworld realm of Haides.

Erebus was born together with Nyx, Gaea, Tartarus, and Eros ("Love"), out of Chaos. With his sister Nyx, Erebus was father of Aether ("Upper Air") and Hemera ("Day").

From http://www.timelessmyths.com/classical/primeval.html#Erebus :

Apart from the part he played in the Creation, as being the father of Aether and Hemera, Erebus was usually just the personification of one region of the Underworld. The Underworld was usually divided into two main areas: Erebus and Tartarus. Erebus and Hades were used interchangeably to denote the Underworld. Tartarus was the deepest of the Underworld, which holds the Titans in prison. While Erebus also divided into several areas, apart from Hades' House. Erebus was divided by five of its underground rivers. Most shades will their last resting place in the Plain of Asphodel, and only a few were given place in the Elysian Fields, though, Elysium was sometimes located not underground, but on the surfaces, usually an island.

According to the Orphic myth, Erebus was born with Chaos and Aether.

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erebos :

In Greek mythology Erebus (Έρεβος Erebos, "Deep blackness/darkness or shadow " from Ancient Greek Ἔρεβος) was the son of a primordial God, Chaos, the personification of darkness and shadow, which filled in all the corners and crannies of the world. He was the offspring of Chaos alone. He was brother of Nyx and father with her of Aether and Hemera, according to Hesiod (c. 700 BC). According to Hyginus (c. AD 1), he was the father of Geras.

According to some later legends, Erebus was part of Hades, the underworld. It was where the dead had to pass immediately after dying. After Charon ferried them across the river Acheron, they entered Tartarus, the underworld proper. Erebus was often used as a synonym for Hades, the Greek god of the underworld.

The word is probably from Proto-Indo-European language, *h1regwos, cognate to Old Norse rœkkr, Gothic riqis "darkness", Sanskrit rajani "night", Tocharian orkäm "darkness". Another suggestion is a loan from Semitic, c.f. Hebrew erebh and Akkadian erebu "sunset, evening" (hence, "darkness"). The same etymology of "sunset" has been suggested for Europe.

From http://www.pantheon.org/articles/e/erebus.html :

Erebus was known as the embodiment of primordial darkness, the son of Chaos (who was the void from which all things developed, known also as Darkness). According to Hesiod's Theogony, Erebus was born with Nyx (Night), and was the father of Aether (the bright upper atmosphere) and Hemera (Day). Charon, the ferry-man who took the dead over the rivers of the infernal region, is also said to be the son of Erebus and Nyx.

Later legend describes Erebus as the Infernal Region below the earth. In this version, Hades was split into two regions: Erebus, which the dead have to pass shortly after they have died, and Tartarus, the deepest region, where the Titans were imprisoned. Aristophanes' Birds says that Erebus and Nyx were also the parents of Eros, the god of love.

He is often used metaphorically for Hades itself.

November 18th, 2007, 12:07 AM
oooh I've honestly never heard of Erebos. Gotta go brush up on greek myths.