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Agaliha
March 12th, 2008, 11:07 AM
Chapter XXXVIII

The Vow and the Sacred Places of the Devī

1-2. The Himālayās said:--"O on this earth that are prominent, sacred, and worth visiting and which Thou likest best. O Mother! Also sanctify us by describing the vows and utsabs that are pleasing to Thee, and by performing which, men become blessed and get themselves satisfied.

3-10. The Devī spoke:--"O Himavan! All the places that are on this earth are all Mine and all should be visited. And every moment is fit for taking vows and utsabs. For I am of the nature pervading every moment; so whatever actions are performed at any moment are all equal to taking My vows and utsabs. O King of Mountains! Still I am now telling something out of My affection to My Bhaktas. Hear. There is a great place of pilgrimage named Kolhāpura in the southern country. Here the Devī Laksmi always dwells. The second place is Mātripura in the Sahyādrī mountain; here the Devī Renukā dwells. The third place is Tulajāpur; next is the place Saptas'ringa, the great places of Hingulā and Jvālā Mukhī. Then the great places of Sākambharī, Bhrāmāri, S'rīraktadantikā and Dūrgā. The best of all places is that of Vindhyāchala Vāsinī, the great places of Annapurnā and the excellent Kānchipur (Conjiverum). Next come the placesof Bhīmā Devī, Vimalā Devī, S'rī Chandralā Devī of Karnāt, andthe place of Kaus'ikī. Then the great placeof Nīlāmbā on the top of the Nīlāparvata, the place of Jāmbūnades'varī, and the beautiful S'rīnagara.

11-20. The great place of S'rī Guhya Kālī, well established in Nepal, and that of S'rī Mīnāksī Devī established in Chīdamvaram. The great place named Vedāranya where the Sundarī Devī is residing; then the place named Ekāmvaram, and the place Bhuvanes'vara near Purusottama where I always dwell as Parā S'akti Bhuvanes'varī. The famous place of Mahālasā, known in the south by the name Mallāri; the place of Yoges'varī Varāt, and the widely known place of Nīla S'arasvatī in China. The excellent place of Bagalā in Baidyanāth, the supreme place Manidvīpa of S'rīmatī Bhuvanes'varī where I always reside. The Yonimandala Kāmākhyā, the place of S'rimatī Tripurā Bhariavī, the excellent of all the places in this earth, where the Devī Mahā Māyā always dwells. There is no other place better than this on the earth. Here the Devī becomes every month in Her course of menstruation and where the virtuous men are seen. Here all the Devas remain in the form of mountains and where on the mountains the excellent Devas inhabit. The sages say: That all the places there are of the nature of the Devī; there is no better place than this Kāmākhyā Yonimaindala. Puskara, the sacred place, is the seat of Gāyatrī; the place of Chandikā in Amares'a: and the excellent place of Puskareksinī in Frabhāsa. The place of Linga-dhārinī Devī in Naimisāranya, and the place of Purubutā in Puskarāksa; Rati dwells in Āsādhī.

21-30. Dandinī Parames'vari dwells in Chandamundī. Bhūti dwells in Bhārabhūti; and Nakule S'varī dwells in Nākula. Chandrikā dwells in Haris'chandra; S'ānkari in S'rīgiri; Tris'ūlā in Japes'vara; and Suksmā in Āmrāta Kes'vara. S'ānkarī dwells in Ujjain, S'arvānī in the place Madhyamā, and Mārga Dāyini dwells in the holy Ksetra Kedāra. The celebrated Bhairavī dwells in the place named Bhairava; Mangalā in Gayā Ksettra; Sthānupriyā in Kuruksetra; and Svāyambhuvī Devī dwells in Nākula; Ugrā dwells in Kankhal; Vis'vesā dwells in Vimales'vara, Mahānandā in Attahāsa and Mahāntakā in Mahendra. Bhimes'varī dwells in Bhīma; the Bhavānī S'ankarī dwells in Vastrāpadma; and Rudrānī in Ardha Kotī. Vis'alāksī dwells in Avimukta; Mahābhāgā dwells in Mahālaya; Bhadrakarnī in Gokarna; and Bhadrā resides in Bhadrakarnak; Utpalāksī dwells in Suvarnāksa; Sthānvīs'ā in Sthānu; Kamalā in Kamalālayā; Chandā in Chhagalandaka, situated in the south near the seacoast. Trisandhyā dwells in Kurundala; Mukutes'varī in Mākota; S'āndakī in Mandales'a; Kālī in Kālanjara; Dhvani in S'ankukarna; Sthūlā in Sthūlakes'vara; and Parames'varī Hrillekhā dwells in the heart lotuses of the Jńanins.

31-34. The places mentioned above are all dearest to the Devī. First the merits of these places are to be heard; next the Devī is to be worshipped by the rites and ceremonies according to these rules. Or, O Mountain! All the holy places of pilgrimages exist in Kās'ī. The Devī always dwells there. Persons, devoted to the Devī, see these places and if they make Japam and meditate on the lotus-feet of the Devī, they will certainly be freed from the bondi of Samsāra; there is no doubt in this. If anybody, getting up in the morning, recite the names of these places, all his sins would instantly be burnt away.

35-40. And if one reads, in the time of S'rāddha, before the Brahmins, these holy names of the Devī, his Pitris will be purified of their sins in the Mahākās'a by the Mahā Prāna and will get their highest goal. O One of good vows! I will now describe to you the vows that are to be carefully observed by men and women; hear. Ananta Tritīyākhys Vrata (vow), Rasakalyānī Vrata, and Ārdrānandakara Vrata, these three Vratas are to be observed in the Tritīyā (third) tithi. The next come the Friday vow, the Krisna Chaturdas'i vows, the Tuesday vow, and the evening twilight vow. In this twilight vow, Mahā Deva placed the Devī in the evening on an Āsana; and He, along with the other Devas, began to dance before Her. Fasting is enjoined in this vow; and then in the evening one must worship the Devī, the Giver of all auspicious things. Especially in every fortnight, if the Devī be worshipped, She gets extremely pleased.

41. O Best of Mountains! The Monday vow is very agreeable to Me; the worship of the Devī should be done and then in the night one must take one's food,

42-43. The two nine nights vow called Navarātra are to be observed, one in the autumn and the other in the spring season. These are very dear to Me. He is certainly My devotee and very dear who for My satisfaction performs these and the othar Nitya Naimittik vows, free from any pride and jealousy. He certainly gets the Sājujya Mukti with Me.

44-46. O Nagarāja! The Holy (Dol) festival in the month of Chait on tha third day of the white fortnight is very pleasing to Me and should be observed by all. My devotees perform the S'ayanotsava in the Paurnamāsī in the month of Āsādha; the Jāgaranotsava in the Paurnamāsī in the month of Kārtik, the Ratha Jātrā in the 3rd of the white fortnight in Āsādha; the Damanotsava in Chaitra. And my dear festivals in the month of S'rāvana and various other festivals.

47-49. In all these festivals one should feast well with gladness all My devotees, and the Kumāris (virgins), well clothed and dressed, and the boys, thinking them all to be of My very nature. No miserliness is to be entertained and I should be worshipped with flowers, etc. He is blessed and attains his goal and is dear to Me who carefully and devotedly observes overy year all these festivals. O Nagendra! Thus I have described to you in brief all the vows that are pleasing to Me. These instructions are not to be given who is not a disciple nor to one who is not My devotee.

Here ends the Thirty-eighth Chapter of the Seventh Book on the vows and the sacred places of the Devī in the Mahā Purānam S'rī Mad Devī Bhāgavatam, of 18,000 verses, by Maharsi Veda Vyāsa.