View Full Version : great Link!

Mariposa De La Luna
May 16th, 2001, 04:01 PM
I don't think anyone has posted this, wellhere it goes:

This is the link for articles by Mike Nichols. It is a very valuable Pagan resourse and I hope you all like it.


May 16th, 2001, 10:47 PM

May 17th, 2001, 06:04 AM
Love the new avatar! Wonder woman was my hero when I was small.
I used to raid my mom's tin foil supply to make the wrist bands to wear! It was actually a big argument between my sis and I on who got to be wonder woman.:D That problem was all solved when they introduced her little sister into the episodes!

Thanks for bringing back very fond memories for me. I haven't thought about those for ages! I will call my sis later to remind her and send that warnth to her too :)

Thanks again.


Silver Venus
May 17th, 2001, 06:27 AM
Thanks so much for the link it looks a really great site with lots on ~ Ill have great fun reading all the articles this afternoon.. :D

Mariposa De La Luna
May 17th, 2001, 10:32 AM
reanna- (((hugs back))) I'm glad I could bring back those happy memories for you. Its actually just a temporary one; read the Avatar Store thread in just talk.

SV- Wow, there is just too much in there for me to grasp more than one article a day! More power to you!

July 27th, 2003, 12:59 PM
What are your thoughts on this?....

or 13 Reasons Air should be in the North
by Mike Nichols
copyright 1989 by Mike Nichols
(fondly dedicated to Kathy Whitworth)
It all started 20 years ago. I was 16 years old then, and a recent
initiate to the religion of Wicca. Like most neophytes, I was eager
to begin work on my Book of Shadows, the traditional manuscript
liturgical book kept by most practicing Witches. I copied down
rituals, spells, recipes, poems, and tables of correspondences from
every source I could lay hands on. Those generally fell into two
broad categories: published works, such as the many books available
on Witchcraft and magic; and unpublished works, mainly other Witches'
Books of Shadows.
Twenty years ago, most of us were "traditional" enough to copy
everything by hand. (Today, photocopying and even computer modem
transfers are becoming de rigueur.) Always, we were admonished to
copy "every dot and comma", making an exact transcription of the
original, since any variation in the ceremony might cause major
problems for the magician. Seldom, if ever, did anyone pause to
consider where these rituals came from in the first place, or who
composed them. Most of us, alas, did not know and did not care. It
was enough just to follow the rubrics and do the rituals as prescribed.
But something brought me to an abrupt halt in my copying frenzy. I
had dutifully copied rituals from different sources, and suddenly
realized they contained conflicting elements. I found myself comparing
the two versions, wondering which one was "right", "correct",
"authentic", "original", "older", etc. This gave rise to the more general
questions about where a ritual came from in the first place.
Who created it? Was it created by one person or many? Was it ever
altered in transmission? If so, was it by accident or intent? Do we know?
Is there ever any way to find out? How did a particular ritual get into a
Coven's Book of Shadows? From another, older, Book of Shadows?
Or from a published source? If so, where did the author of the published
work get it?
I had barely scratched the surface, and yet I could already see that
the questions being raised were very complex. (Now, all these years
later, I am more convinced than ever of the daunting complexity of
Neo-Pagan liturgical history. And I am equally convinced of the
great importance of this topic for a thorough understanding of modern
Witchcraft. It may well be a mare's nest, but imagine the value it will
have to future Craft historians. And you are unconditionally guaranteed
to see me fly into a passionate tirade whenever I'm confronted with such
banal over-simplifications as "Crowley is the REAL author of the Third
Degree initiation," or "Everyone KNOWS Gardner INVENTED modern
The first time I noticed conflicting ritual elements was when I was invited
as a guest to attend another Coven's esabat celebration. When the time
came to "invoke the Watchtowers" (a ritual salutation to the four
I was amazed to learn that this group associated the element of Earth with
the North. My own Coven equated North with Air. How odd, I thought.
Where'd they get that? The High Priestess told me it had been copied out
of a number of published sources. Further, she said she had never seen it
listed any other way. I raced home and began tearing books from my own
library shelves. And sure enough! Practically every book I consulted gave
the following associations as standard: North = Earth, East = Air,
South = Fire, West = Water.
Then where the heck did I get the idea that Air belonged in the North?
After much thought, I remembered having copied my own elemental/directional
associations from another Witch's Book of Shadows, her Book representing
(so she claimed) an old Welsh tradition. Perhaps I'd copied it down wrong?
A quick long-distance phone call put my mind at ease on that score. (When I
asked her where she'd gotten it, she said she THOUGHT it was from an even
older Book of Shadows, but she wasn't certain.)
By now, I felt miffed that my own tradition seemed to be at variance with
most published sources. Still, my own rituals didn't seem to be adversely
affected. Nor were those of my fellow Coven members, all of whom put
Air in the North. Further, over the years I had amassed lots of associations
and correspondences that seemed to REQUIRE Air to be in the North.
The very thought of Air in the East offended both my sense of reason and
my gut-level mythic sensibilities.
There are good REASONS to place Air in the North. And the whole
mythological superstructure would collapse if Air were in the East, instead.
If this is so, then why do most published sources place Earth in the North
and Air in the East?
Suddenly, I felt sure I knew the reason! Somewhere along the line, someone
had deliberately tampered with the information! Such tampering is a long
and venerable practice within certain branches of magic. In Western culture,
it is most typically seen among Hermetic, Cabalistic and "ceremonial" magic
lodges. It is common among such groups that, when publishing their rituals
for public consumption, they will publish versions that are INCOMPLETE
and/or deliberately ALTERED in some way from the authentic practice.
This prevents someone who is NOT a member of the group from simply
buying a book, and performing the rituals, without benefit of formal
It is only when you are initiated into the lodge that you will be given the
COMPLETE and/or CORRECTED versions of their rituals. This is how
such groups guard their secrets. (And it is a telling postscript that many
scholars now believe modern Witchcraft to have "borrowed" its
directional/elemental correspondences from ceremonial magic sources!
What a laugh if this was Crowley's last best joke on his friend Gerald
I remember the first time I became aware of such deliberate ritual
tampering. A friend of mine had been making a study of the so-called
"planetary squares", talismans that look like magic squares consisting
of a grid of numbers in some cryptic order. There are seven such
squares -- one for each of the "old" planets. While making this study,
he began colouring the grids (more for his own pleasure than anything else),
making colourful mini-mosaics, using first two colours, then three, then
and on up to the total number of squares in the grid. Six of the planetary
squares yielded pleasing patterns of colour. Then there was the Sun square!
Against all expectation, the colours were a random jumble, with no patterns
emerging. Thus, he began his quest for the CORRECTED Sun square.
And I became convinced of the reality of ritual tampering.
All that remains, then, is for me to assemble all the arguments in favor of
the Air-in-the-North model, which I have now come to believe is the
CORRECTED system of correspondences. The remainder of this article
will be devoted to those arguments, each with its own name and number:
1. AIRTS: This is perhaps the strongest argument. In Celtic countries,
the four elemental/directional associations are referred to as the "four
And it is a known fact that this tradition associates Air with North. While
it is true that some writers, familiar with ceremonial magic (like William
Sharp and Doreen Valiente), have given "tampered" versions of the airts,
it is a telling point that folklorists working directly with native oral
(like Alexander Carmichael and F. Marian McNeill) invariably report the
Air/North connection.

Complete article here: