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Agaliha
June 5th, 2011, 03:05 PM
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Annapurna or Annapoorna is the Hindu Goddess of nourishment. Anna means food and grains. Purna means full, complete and perfect. She is a form of Parvati, the consort of Shiva.

Annapurna is the Goddess of the city of Kashi (now known as Varanasi, U.P., India). Kasi is also known as the City of Light. Ka means the cause, a means the manifestation of consciousness, sa means peace and I is the causal body. Kasi is also the place which causes consciousness to manifest the highest peace of the causal body. And She is the Supreme Goddess of the City of Kasi.

Story of Parvati

Once Shiva told his consort Parvati that the world is an illusion and that food is a part of this illusion called maya.

The Divine Mother who is worshipped as the manifestation of all material things, including food, became angry. To demonstrate the importance of her manifestation of all that is material she disappeared from the world.

Her disappearance brought time to a standstill and the earth became barren. There was no food to be found anywhere and all the beings suffered from the pangs of hunger.

Seeing all the suffering, Mother Parvati was filled with compassion and reappeared in Kasi and set up a Kitchen.

Hearing about her return, Shiva ran to her and presented his bowl in alms saying, "Now I realise that the material world, like the spirit, cannot be dismissed as an illusion." Parvati smiled and fed Shiva with her own hands.

Since then Parvati is worshipped as Annapurna, the Goddess of Nourishment.

Epithets

Annapurna has many names. The Annapurna Sahasranam presents her one thousand names and the Annapurna Shatanama Stotram contains 108 of her names. She is variously described as:

She who is full, complete and perfect with food and grains
She who gives nourishment
She who is the strength of Shiva
She who is the grantor of knowledge
She who takes away all fear
She who is the Supreme welfare
She who manifests truth and efficiency
She who is beyond Maya
She who is the cause of creation and dissolution
she who is adi sakthi

Iconography

Physically, Annapurna is described as holding a golden ladle adorned with various kinds of jewels in her right hand and a vessel full of delicious porridge in her left. She is seated on a throne. In some depictions, Lord Shiva is shown standing to her right with a begging bowl, begging her for alms.

It is said that she does not eat a morsel unless all her devotees have been fed in her temple.

Worship

She is worshipped through the recitation of her thousand names and her one hundred and eight names. The Sri Annapurna Ashtakam composed by Shankaracharya is chanted by several devout Hindus around the world as a prayer for nourishment, wisdom, and renunciation. Before partaking of any food, Hindus chant the following prayer:

“Oh Annapurna, who is always full, complete, and perfect. Beloved energy of Lord Shiva, for the attainment of perfection in wisdom and renunciation, give me alms, Parvati.

My mother is Goddess Parvati, my father is the Supreme Lord Maheswara (Shiva). My relatives are the devotees of Lord Shiva, and the three worlds are my Motherland.”

The Annapurna Vrat Katha containing stories of her devotees are also recited by her devotees.

Temples

The most well-known temple dedicated to Goddess Annapurna is in Varanasi, U.P., India. Adjacent to the Sanctum of the Goddess is the Kasi Viswanath temple. The two are separated by only a few yards. Annapurna is regarded as the queen of Varanasi alongside her husband Vishweshwar (Shiva), the King of Varanasi.

In the temple, at noon time, food offerings to the Goddess are distributed to the elderly and disabled daily. During the Autumn Navaratri food is distributed on a larger scale.

The other famous temple is situated at Horanadu in the Western Ghats of Karnataka, where evening prayers are held after the devotees are fed.

From: Wiki (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapoorna_devi)


Annapoorne sadaa poorne Shankarah Praanavallabhe |
Gnana Vairagya Siddhyartham Bhikshaan Dehi ca Parvati ||

Mother Annapoorna,
You who are Eternally Complete,
You,
The very life of Lord Shiva,
Give me food (in alms)
So I can sustain my body
To achieve the Supreme Knowledge.

From: Here (http://www.boloji.com/index.cfm?md=Content&sd=Articles&ArticleID=1155)


Annapurna is the Hindu goddess of food and cooking. Annapurna is empowered with the ability to supply food to an unlimited amount of people.

Annapurna is an incarnation of the Hindu Goddess Parvati, the wife of Shiva. Temple art in India often depicts Lord Shiva with his begging bowl (skull), asking Annapurna to provide him food that gives the energy (Shakti) to achieve knowledge and enlightenment.

As such, Annapurna also symbolizes the divine aspect of nourishing care. The cook provides his guests with the energy to best follow their destiny. When food is cooked with a spirit of holiness, it becomes alchemy. Images of Annapurna are also found in kitchens, near dinner tables and in restaurants.

From: Here (http://www.sanatansociety.org/hindu_gods_and_goddesses/annapurna.htm)



Annapurna Ashtakam
Annapurnashtakam
Translated by P. R. Ramachander

These prayer gems addressed to Annapurneswari , the queen mother of Varanasi is one of the greatest stotras in existence. Chanting or singing this will help one to achieve all ambitions.


Nithyaananda kari,Varaa abhya karee,
Soundarya rathnaakaree,
Nirddhotahakila ghora pavaanakaree,
Prathyaksha Maheswaree,
Praaleyachala vamsa pavavakaree,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree.

Hey , Mother Annaprneswari1,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi2,
Who helps others with kindness,
Who makes all days deliriously happy,
Who gives boons and shelter to all,
Who is the epitome of all beauty,
Who cleans up all sorrows from life,
Who is the ever-visible Goddess of the world,
Who is the star of the family of Himavan3,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion.

Naana rathna vichitra bhooshana karee,
Hemaambaradambaree,
Mukthaa haara vilamba maana vilasa,
Dwakshoja kumbaan dharee,
Kasmeera garu vasithaa ruchi karee,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree

Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who is adorned with jewels of variety,
Who is dressed in golden silk,
Who has a beautiful chest,
Adorned with golden chains full of gems,
Who is the epitome of all beauty,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion..

Yogaanandakaree ripu kshyakaree,
Dharman artha nishtaakaree,
Chandrarkaanala bhasa maana laharee,
Trilokya rakshaa karee,
Sarvaiswarya samastha vaanchithakaree,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree

Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who gives bliss through Yoga4,
Who destroys enemies,
Who makes dharma5 and wealth permanent,
Who shines like moon , sun and fire,
Who takes care of all the three worlds,
Who gives all the wealth,
Who fulfills all wishes,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion..

Kailaasaachala kandharaa laya karee,
Gowree , umaa sankaree,
Kaumaree nigamartha gochara karee,
Omkara beejaksharee,
Moksha dwaara kavata patana karee,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree


Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who lives in a cave in Mount Kailasa6,
Who is also called Gauri7, Uma8 and Sankari9,
Who is an ever-blissful maiden,
Who is known only through meaning of Vedas10,
Who is personification of “OM11”,
Who opens the gates of Moksha12,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion..
Drusyaa drusya vibhootha vahana karee,
Brhmaanda bhando dharee,
Leelaa nataka suthra kelana karee,
Vijnana deeptham guree,
Sree viswesa mana prasaadhana karee,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree


Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who is the vehicle of the seen and unseen ,
Who is carrying the universes inside her,
Who cuts of attachment to this world,
Who is the beacon of light for all science,
Who makes the Lord of Universe happy,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion..

Urvee sarva janeswaree bhagawathee,
Maatha krupaa sagaree,
Venee neela samaana kunthala dharee,
Ananda dhaneswaree,
Sarvanandakaree bhayaa shubhakaree,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree


Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who is the Goddess of earth and its beings,
Who is the knowledge, wealth and valour of the world,
Who is the ocean of compassion,
Who has lustrous blue hair,
Who gives happiness to all,
Who is personification of happiness,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion..

Aadhi kshaantha samastha varna nikaree,
Shabho tribhaava karee,
Kasmeeraa tripureswaree trilaharee,
Nithyaamakuree sarvaree,
Kamaa kamksha karee janodhaya karee,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree

Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who is described by all alphabets,
Who gives Shambhu13 the three powers,
Who is Kashmira14 the Goddess of three cities,
Who is the intoxicant in three forms,
Who gives rise to daily existence,
Who is the enemy of all sorrows,
Who fulfills the desire of every one,
Who is dawn in life of all,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion.

Devee sarva vichitra rathna rachithaa,
Dakshayanee sundaree,
Vama swadu payodhara priyakaree,
Sownhagya maaheswaree,
Bhakthaabhishtakaree, sadaa shubhakaree,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree

Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who is adorned with all precious gems,
Who is the daughter of Daksha15,
Who is the epitome of beauty,
Who feeds all the world her milk of song and writing,
Who is the Goddess of all ,
Who is the fortune of all,
Who fulfills the wishes of devotees,
Who always does good,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion.

Chandrakaanala koti koti sadrusaa,
Chandramsu bhimbaan dharee,
Chandrakaagni samaana kunthala dharee
Chandrarka varneshwaree,
Maala pustaka pasasangusa dharee,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree

Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is The Goddess of Kasi,
Who is like billions of moon , sun and fire,
Whose smile is like the rays of the moon,
Whose hair has the luster of moon, sun and fire,
Who is coloured like the moon and the sun,
Who has a chain of beads and a book in her hands,
Who has a spear and rope also in her hands,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion.


Kshatrathraanakaree, mahaa bhayakaree,
Mthaa krupaa sagaree,
Sakshaan mokshakaree sadaa shiva karee,
Visweshwaree sridharee,
Daksha krundha karee niraa mayakaree,
Kasi puraadheeswaree,
Bhikshaam dehi, krupaa valambana karee,
Mathaa Annapurneswaree

Hey mother Annapurneswari,
Who is the Goddess of Kasi,
Who protects the duties of kings,
Who gives great protection,
Who is the great mother,
Who is the ocean of mercy,
Who gives perennial salvation,
Who always does good,
Who is the goddess of all universe,
Who has all the wealth in the world,
Who insulted Daksha15,
Who gives great health,
Please give me alms,
Ocean of kindness and compassion.

Annapurne sadaa purne,
Sankara praana vallabhe,
Jnana vairagya sidhyartham,
Bikshaa dehee cha parvathy.

Hey , Mother Annapurneswari,
Who is the darling of Sankara16,
Please give me alms,
Of knowledge and renunciation.,
For me forever.

Mathaa cha Parvathy Devi,
Pithaas cha Maheswara
Bandhawa Shiva Bhakatamscha,
Swadesho Bhuvana Trayam.

My mother is Goddess Parvathy17,
My father is God Maheswara18,
My relations are the devotees of Shiva,
And my country is the universe.

1-A form of Parvathy with a pot of food in one hand and ladle in another.
2-Modern Benares , the holiest city of Hindus
3-The Himalaya Mountains , the father of Goddess Parvathi
4-A mental and physical disciopline used by Hindus to get Moksha.
5-The ultimate duty
6-The Mountain on which Lord Shiva and Parvathy live.
7,8,9 –Names of Goddess Parvathy.
10-The four holy books of Hindus.
11-Pranava the first and most holy sound
12-Salvation or hindu concept of becoming one with God
13-Name of God Shiva
14-One of the names of Goddess Parvathy
15-Father of Sati devi alias Goddess Parvathi
16-Name of God Shiva
17-Literally daughter of mountains, the consort of Lord Shiva
18-Lord of the the Universe , a name of Lord Shiva

From: Here (http://www.celextel.org/stotras/devi/annapurnashtakam.html)


Annapurna
Unique Attributes : Nourishes, food, cooking, harvest, generosity
Incarnation of : Goddess Parvati
Abode : Kasi
Primary Scripture : Annapurna Strotam

In Sanskrit 'Anna' means food and 'purna' means complete; together the term Annapurna signifies nourishing with food to the fullest. The Devi Annapurna is the goddess of food and harvest and is believed to be the one who fills the stomachs of the hungry with her noble powers. In Hindu belief she is the one endowed with the powers to supply food in a limitless form. She is the divine symbol of nourish and care she provides to her children. In common parlance at Hindu households if people waste food, it is said that they in turn make Annapurna Devi angry.

The origin of Goddess Annapurna is related to the mythological tale of Lord Brahma and Vishnu being worried about the extinction of food from earth resulting in perishing of many human beings. These gods pleaded to Lord Shiva who invited the goddess Annapurna to earth and begged for food from her. Lord Shiva distributed the food received from the Devi and since then promised her that she should continue to nourish the people of earth and in turn he would give moksha to the people of Kasi where the goddess resides.

Some religious philosophers believe that goddess Annapurna is the incarnation of Devi Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva. Ma Annapurna is also referred to as the goddess of fertility and agriculture which calls for immense popularity of this deity in the villages of India. Goddess Annapurna is also reasonably popular in South India with separate shrines dedicated to this deity of food and harvest. The idol of goddess Annapurna devi is always shown with a bowl which is always filled with grain, representing the bountiful of food she has to offer to her children.

From: Here (http://festivals.igiftstoindia.com/goddesses/annapurna.html)


the Annapurna Stotram lists 108 of her names:
Annapurna (she who is full, complete, and perfect with food and grains)
Siva (she who is the energy of the Consciousness of Infinite Goodness)
Devi (she who is the Goddess)
Bhima (she who is terribly fearful)
Pustira (she who gives nourishment)
Sarsvati (she who is eternal)
Sarvajna (she who knows all)
Parvati (she who is the daughter of the mountain)
Durga (she who is the reliever of difficulties)
Sarvani (she who belongs to all)
Sivavallabha (she who is the strength of Shiva)
Vedavedya (she who knows all knowledge)
Mahavidya (she who is the great knowledge)
Vidyadatri (she who is the grantor of knowledge)
Visarada (she who is mature)
Kumari (she who is the ever pure one)
Tripura (she who dwells in the three cities)
Bala (she who is strength)
Lakshmi (she who is the ultimate goal)
Srir (she who is respect)
Bhayaharini (she who takes away all fear)
Bhavani (she who is manifested existence)
Visnujanani (she who is the mother of Vishnu)
Brahmadijananitatha (she who is the mother of Brahma and the other Gods)
Ganesajanani (she who is the mother of Ganesha)
Saktih (she who is energy)
Kumarajanani (she who is the mother of Kartikeya)
Subha (she who is pure)
Bhogaprada (she who gives enjoyment)
Bhagavati (she who is the supreme Goddess)
Bhaktabhishtapradayini (she who gives the desired result to devotees)
Bhavarogahara (she who takes away all disease from the world)
Bhavya (she who is the attitude of being)
Subhra (she who manifests purity)
Paramamangala (she who is the supreme welfare)
Bhavani (she who is being)
Cancala (she who is restless)
Gauri (she who is rays of light)
Carucandrakaladhara (she who supports the attributes of the dark moon)
Dhismalaksi (she who has big eyes)
Visvamata (she who is mother of the universe)
Visvavandya (she who is praised by the universe)
Vilasini (she who is desired)
Arya (she who is purified by knowledge)
Kasthananilaya (she who rests in welfare)
Rudrana (she who takes away the tears)
Kamalasana (she who sits upon a lotus)
Subhaprada (she who grants purity)
Subhavarta (she who distributes purity)
Vrttapinapayodhara (she who shows swelling breasts overflowing with milk)
Amba (she who is the mother)
Samharamathani (she who churns the ocean of objects and relationships)
Mrdani (she who is compassionate)
Sarvamangala (she who is all welfare)
Visnusamsevita (she who is served by Vishnu)
Siddha (she who has attainment)
Brahmani (she who is the creative energy)
Surasevita (she who is served by the Gods)
Paramanandada (she who gives the supreme bliss)
Santih (she who is peace)
Paramanandarupini (she who is the intrinsic nature of the supreme bliss)
Paramanandajanani (she who is the mother of the supreme bliss)
Parananda (she who is the giver of bliss)
Pradayini (she who is an outsider)
Paropakaranirata (she who is always benefiting others)
Paramabhakta (she who is the supreme manifestation)
Vatsala (she who is a pure devotee)
Purnacandrabhavadana (she who is radiance of the full moon over existence)
Purnacandranibhamsuka (she who is the pure reflection of the full moon)
Subhalaksanasampanna (she who displays all of the pure characteristics)
Subhanandagunarnava (she who contains the ocean of purely blissful qualities)
Subhasaubhagyanilaya (she who reposes in purely good fortune)
Subhada (she who is the giver of purity)
Ratipriya (she who is the beloved of spring)
Candika (she who tears apart all thought)
Candamathani (she who destroys passion)
Candadarpanivarini (she who destroys the pride of passion)
Martandanayana (she who is the eyes of the sun)
Sadhvi (she who manifests truth and efficiency)
Candragninayana (she whose two eyes are the moon and fire)
Sati (she who is true existence)
Pundarikahara (she who is the cause of Vishnu)
Purna (she who is full, complete, and perfect)
Punyada (she who is the giver of merit)
Punyarupini (she who is the intrinsic nature of merit)
Mayatita (she who is beyond maya)
Srestamaya (she who is the ultimate illusion)
Srestadharma (she who is the ultimate ideal of perfection)
Tmavandita (she who is the praise of the soul)
Asrstira (she who is not created)
Sangarahita (she who brings all together in unity)
Srstihetu (she who motivates the creation)
Kapardini (she who holds a skull)
Vrsarudha (she who sits upon a bull)
Sulahasta (she who holds a spear in her hand)
Sthitisamharakarini (she who is the cause of creation and dissolution)
Mandasmita (she who limits laziness)
Skandamata (she who is the mother of Kartikeya)
Suddhacitta (she who is pure consciousness)
Munistuta (she who is praised by the wise)
Mahabhagavati (she who is the great supreme Goddess)
Daksa (she who has ability)
Daksadhvaravinasini (she who destroyed the activities performed by Daksha)
Sarvarthadatri (she who is the creator of all objects)
Savitri (she who is the daughter of the light)
Sadasivakutumbini (she who is the family of the Pure Consciousness of Infinite Goodness)
Nityasundarasarvangi (she whose every limb is eternally beautiful)
Saccidanandalaksana (she who has the character of pure existence, consciousness, and bliss)

From: here (http://www.goddessaday.com/hindu/annapurna)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WcgD6psnzyw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aiLj68FfbVQ






Also see:
Annapoorna Devi (http://www.boloji.com/index.cfm?md=Content&sd=Articles&ArticleID=1155) -- mythology told
Annapurna Devi Aarthi (http://www.celextel.org/stotras/devi/annapurnadeviaarthi.html)



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